Financiamiento y becas
The EU will fund research that addresses key challenges facing Europe. For example, investment in research to preserve oceans and water, make better use of raw materials, develop smart cities and tackle issues such as improving the delivery of public services, brain research and anti-microbial resistance. Funding will also go to high-risk/high-gain "frontier research" in all domains of science through European Research Council grants and to support individual researchers' careers through Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions.
How does investment in R&I help tackle the economic and financial crisis?
There will be no solution to the crisis without growth. There is evidence to suggest that, in general, Member States that traditionally invested more in R&D and education weathered the recent economic turmoil better. Investments in R&D and education increase the chances to smooth the adverse impact of the crisis while building a basis from which to bounce back quicker when recovery takes hold. That is why EU leaders took a collective decision (February 2011 European Council) to prioritise sustainable growth-friendly expenditure in areas such as research and innovation, education and energy.
Why are taxpayers funding R&D at EU level?
Some research is both very expensive and needs to be done on a very large scale to provide meaningful results. It is crucial to maximise value for money. Doing certain research collaboratively at EU level avoids duplication and allows pooling of skills and existing knowledge, in ways that could not be achieved by purely national spending. For example, the European Metrology Research Programme (EMRP), set up in 2009, has brought together the national metrology research plans of 22 countries.
EU research funding generates enormous added value for Europe. €1 of EU Framework Programme funding leads to an increase in industry added value of between €7 and €14. The expected long-term macro-economic impact of the current Seventh Framework programme amounts to 900,000 jobs, of which 300,000 in research, and an extra 0.96 percent of GDP.
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